Archangel Michael

Michael means in Hebrew (מִיכָאֵל) means «Who is like El?» (mi-ka-el). St. Michael is one of the chief Archangels; his name was the battle cry of the good angels in the battle waged in heaven against the enemy and his followers.

St. Michael the Archangel, Who is like God?

  • Mi (מִי) = who?
  • Ka (כָָּכָ) = as
  • El (אֵל) = God (Elohim).

It is important to highlight the inquisitive character of «my», meaning «who?», at least 350 times in the Old Testament where this word is mentioned, in an inquisitive way, 24 moreover, the reading in Hebrew is from right to left.

The suffix «El» is also used regularly in other names, meaning «God» in all cases. For example Daniel (God is Judge), Immanuel (God with us), and Ezekiel (God’s Might).

Commander of the Heavenly Hosts

The archangel Michael is the commander of the heavenly armies. He expelled Satan and his rebellious angels and who will fight with the Dragon mentioned in Revelation.

His main function is to protect us from demonic forces and evil spirits, and among the gifts, we can ask him for are courage and willpower.

Michael is the chief of the angelic army and the principal among the seven great archangels. It was he who defeated Satan (Lucifer) and his rebellious angels and who, according to rabbinic tradition, accompanied the Jewish people during their exodus through the desert.

Considered an angel of protection who has always been loyal and obedient to God, his name, of Hebrew origin, means «Who is like God?», a rhetorical question that the same archangel used as an answer to Satan when the latter, in the middle of the combat, boastfully said:

Who likes me?
Michael the Archangel, Who is like God?

He, along with Gabriel and Raphael

He is one of the three archangels that the Catholic Church officially recognizes (since only those three are explicitly named in the Bible).

But his importance is so great that it exceeds by far the one that Catholicism grants him, being thus the most important angel in Judaism and, in Islam, one of the three angels that were presented to Mohammed.

Proof of this importance are the various denominations that have been granted to him:

«He who holds the keys of heaven»

«Chief of the Archangels»

«Prince of the Presence»

«Angelic Prince of Israel»

«Guardian of Jacob»

«Angel of the Burning Bush»

«Angel of Repentance, Righteousness, Mercy, and Sanctification.»

The Archangel Michael in the Bible and Christian Tradition

The archangel Michael appears four times in the Bible:

Daniel 10:13: »But the prince of the kingdom of Persia stood against me one and twenty days; and behold, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, and I remained there with the kings of Persia.»

Daniel 12:1: »And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince that is for the children of thy people; and it shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there were people until then: but at that time thy people shall be delivered, all they that are found written in the book».

Epistle of St. Jude 1:9: »But when Michael the archangel Michael contended with the Devil, disputing about the body of Moses, he dared not use cursing judgment against him, but said, «The Lord rebuke you»»’.

Revelation 12:7: »And there was a great battle in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought.»

Apart from the above mentioned, there are certain textual spaces in the Bible that, based on the elaborations of the so-called Fathers of the Church, are presented as controversial about whether or not the archangel Michael is mentioned.

Regarding these spaces, the priest and theologian Miguel Angel Fuentes has said the following:

«There is often controversy of St. Michael in Scripture where his name is not mentioned.

They say that he was the cherub who stood at the gate of paradise, to guard the way to the tree of life (Gen 3:24), the angel through whom God published the Decalogue for his chosen people, the angel who stood in the way to hinder Balaam (Numbers 22:22 ff.), the angel who smote the army of Sennacherib (II Kings 19:35).»

Through the above we can understand why the Christian tradition has assigned to the archangel Michael the following functions:

  1. To defend God’s people (Jews in the A.T., Christians in the N.T.),
  2. Fight against Satan and his demons,
  3. Save the souls faithful to God from the power of the Evil One, especially at the hour of death. Thus, in a time of religious fervor as was the Middle Ages, the archangel Michael was a patron of the Catholic Church and the orders of knights during the Middle Ages.

The Archangel Michael according to different religious creeds

Archangel Michael

Catholic Church

St. Michael the Archangel has been honored with a tradition of veneration that has existed from the beginning of the Church to the present day.

He also has the privilege of having his chaplet prayed with a rosary somewhat similar to that of the Virgin and has been associated with the protection of the human being, with the apparitions of the Virgin of Fatima, and with the Eucharist.

The Church attributes four functions to him: to lead the heavenly militia, to be the guardian of the Church, to «weigh souls on a perfectly balanced scale» and to be «the angel of death».

Opinions on his heavenly rank have varied: Salmeron, Bellarmine, St. Basil, and other Greek Fathers have said that St. Michael was the prince of all angels, the highest in rank.

Others, like Bonaventure, said that he was the prince of the first angelic choir, that of the seraphim; on the other hand, St. Thomas said that Michael was the prince of the last choir, that of the angels.

Nevertheless, in the Roman liturgy, he is named «Princeps militiae coelestis quem honorificant angelorum cives», which agrees with the criterion of the Greek Fathers. Finally, in the hymn of the Mozarabic Breviary, he is placed above the twenty-four elders.

Jehovah’s Witnesses

They believe that the Archangel Michael and Jesus are both the same being, so they think that Jesus is not eternal but was created. They thus posit that «Michael» is another name for Jesus in heaven, in his pre-human existence (before he came into the world) and after he was resurrected.

Archangel Michael in The Metaphysics

  • Archangel Michael is the Archangel of the First Blue Ray.
  • His Divine complement is the Lady «Faith».
  • Activities: Faith in God. Defender of the Spiritual Light within the hearts of humanity.

Archangel Michael is the First Angel of Heaven, who upholds and defends the Manifest Universe within his «Ring Pass Not» so that darkness does not intrude upon it. «It is the Realization of the Power of God.»

He energizes his First Ray Defender Power into a Flaming Sword of Blue Light which is his Electronic Pattern.

Upon arriving on Earth, he established his focus in the Rocky Mountains on the lake called: Lake Louise in Banff, Calgary, capital of the state of Alberta, Canada (Etheric Retreat).

His Temple had a beautiful dome of bejeweled light, and at its zenith shone an effigy of the Archangel with his F1amigera Sword. Currently, this Temple is ascended in the same area.

Other sites of the Archangel Michael

  • Le Mont Saint-Michel, France
  • The Blue Grotto, Italy
  • Castle or Castel Sant’ Angelo, in Rome, Italy.
  • Monte Sant’ Angelo, in the region of Apulia, Province of Foggia, Italy.

The Adventist Church

Adventists also believe that Michael and Jesus Christ are both the same beings and that «Michael» is just another name for the Son of God. The great difference between them and Jehovah’s Witnesses is that they affirm that Jesus-Michael was never created because he is eternal, pre-existent, parallel to the Father, and one with him.

Nevertheless, at the beginning of the movement, some of its pioneers said that Jesus-Miguel had been created, an example of this is Urias Smith when he said that Christ-Miguel was the first created being, going back to his existence long before any other being or created thing.

But in the long run, the criterion of Christ-Miguel as uncreated ended up being imposed, while the contrary was considered unbiblical by the majority of members of the Adventist Church.

Judaism

They believe that Michael protected Israel during its exodus in the desert and that he was also one of the three angels who announced the birth of Isaac.

His importance is such that in the Talmud his relationship with the other angels is seen as analogous to the relationship between the High Priest and the people of Israel, before whom he is thought to have served as an intermediary when he was Moses’ immediate interlocutor on Mount Sinai.

Nowadays he is invoked as the protector of the synagogues and his importance is so great that, in the liturgy of Yom Kippur, it is concluded saying: Michael, prince of mercy, pray for Israel.

In the rabbinical tradition, he is called Prince of the Nations and it is said of him that he is «one of the Chief Princes. Certain interpretations have placed him as the teacher of Moses during the Exodus and as the one who protected the Israelites from the Egyptian army when they crossed the Red Sea.

Advocate of Israel

It is thus believed that he exercises the function of «Advocate of Israel» (which agrees with the title of «Advocate of the Jews» given to him by the Kabbalah) in front of Samael (Satan).

It is also believed that it was he who announced to Lot the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah and, according to Rabbi Eliezer ben Jacob, it was Michael who saved Abraham from the furnace into which Nimrod had thrown him.

The Jewish apocryphal literature has granted him great relevance. Thus, in the famous Book of Enoch, he is named several times as the Great Captain and it is said of him that he is very patient and merciful and that he is the angel who is in charge of the best part of Humanity the Jewish people.

Archangel Michael in Islam

The Qur’an calls him «Mī jā ‘ī l» or «Mijal» and says of him that he was one of the three angels who announced to Abraham the birth of Isaac and Jacob. Although only two archangels (Michael and Gabriel) are named in the Qur’an.

Islam recognizes four main archangels (Mijal, Izrail, Israfil, and Yibril) and places Michael among these four, giving him the role of warrior angel defender of the faith and in charge of the blessings department.

Because he was with Gabriel one of the two angels who brought the clay for Adam (this is figurative), he is said to be second only to Gabriel and to dwell in the seventh heaven.